If you don’t see progress within 1 year, we will work with you for FREE until you do! Read More >

Blog Favicon

Understanding Graves’ Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options

Mar 22, 2023

If you’re confused about functional medicine certifications, look no further.

Graves’ disease is a form of autoimmune disorder that leads to an excessive amount of hormone production by the thyroid gland. This condition affects approximately 1% to 2% of the total population and strikes females more frequently than males. It is imperative that you seek medical assistance if you are experiencing any of the symptoms connected with this disease because the condition can result in severe problems if it is allowed to progress unchecked. Here, we will cover the factors that can lead to the development of Graves’ illness, as well as the symptoms that are associated with it, how it is diagnosed, the consequences it has on the body, the many treatment options, changes in lifestyle, and coping mechanisms.

Causes and Risk Factors

Graves’ illness is the result of an autoimmune response, in which the immune system of the body erroneously assaults the thyroid gland. This leads to the symptoms of Graves’ disease. It is not known for certain what sets off this autoimmune response; nonetheless, it is believed that a confluence of hereditary and environmental variables is responsible for its onset. A history in one’s family of thyroid diseases, smoking, and stress are all considered to be risk factors for the development of Graves disease.


Graves’ illness can manifest itself in a variety of ways, depending on the individual, however the following are some of the more prevalent manifestations:

  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Weight loss
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Tremors
  • Eye problems, such as bulging eyes, dry eyes, or double vision
  • Skin changes, such as redness, thickening, or itching

It is vital to seek medical treatment for the purpose of obtaining an accurate diagnosis, as some of these symptoms are also connected with other thyroid problems. It is crucial to keep in mind this connection.


A physical examination and a number of diagnostic tests are required to arrive at a diagnosis of Graves’ disease. The medical professional could examine the thyroid gland through palpation in order to detect any nodules or enlargement. In addition, blood tests are utilized to evaluate the amounts of thyroid hormones, in addition to the measurement of antibodies that point to an autoimmune response. Imaging studies such as ultrasounds are another option for determining the size and contour of the thyroid gland.

Effects on the Body

Graves’ illness, if untreated, has the potential to cause serious problems throughout the body. An overabundance of thyroid hormones can result in a variety of adverse health effects, including the following:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Heart problems, such as rapid or irregular heartbeat and high blood pressure
  • Thyroid eye disease, which can cause eye discomfort, double vision, and vision loss
  • Thyroid crisis, a rare but life-threatening complication that involves a sudden increase in thyroid hormone levels

Treatment Options

The treatment for Graves disease is determined by the severity of the individual’s symptoms as well as their general state of health. The overproduction of thyroid hormones needs to be reduced for the treatment to be effective, and the symptoms need to be managed. Medications, radioiodine therapy, and surgical procedures are all potential treatment choices.

Medicines like beta-blockers and antithyroid pharmaceuticals are used to treat Graves disease. These medications can help manage symptoms like tremors and rapid heartbeat, and they can also limit the amount of thyroid hormones that are produced by the body. A low dosage of radioactive iodine is administered to the patient during radioiodine therapy. This causes the hyperactive thyroid cells to be eliminated. Surgery is an option that may be suggested in extreme situations or when other therapies have been unsuccessful.

Alternative Treatments 

Finding alternative and natural treatments for grave’s disease can be challenging as there are many different approaches. It’s important to develop a good foundational approach that addresses grave’s disease at the root cause. Wisdom helps guide women toward reversing chronic health issues, with a personal functional medicine doctor and nutritionist for just $175 / month.

Lifestyle Modifications

Alterations to one’s way of life can also be helpful in the management of Graves’ disease symptoms. Graves’ disease patients should make it a priority to get enough restful sleep each night and to cut out smoking completely. In addition to helping manage symptoms, a diet that is both healthful and balanced can help prevent complications. Exercise is another crucial component in the management of Graves’ disease symptoms; however, before beginning any exercise routine, it is critical to discuss the matter with a qualified healthcare professional.

Coping Strategies

The symptoms of Graves’ illness can make daily life difficult, both physically and emotionally. Stress and anxiety can be better managed, and one’s general health and well-being can benefit from using coping skills. Techniques of relaxation, such as deep breathing and meditation, as well as speaking with a mental health professional and participating in a support group, are all examples of coping mechanisms.

Therefore, Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that causes hyperthyroidism by affecting the thyroid gland. Managing the symptoms of this ailment and enhancing one’s overall quality of life can be accomplished with the assistance of a number of treatments that are now on the market.

If you encounter any of the symptoms that are connected with Graves’ illness, it is imperative that you get medical assistance as soon as possible. A timely diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the severity of the disease’s effects on your life and reduce the risk of developing complications.

Graves’ disease can make daily life difficult, but the most important thing is to put your attention on taking care of your health and finding effective ways to control your symptoms. Be sure to carry out the recommendations made by your physician, take your medications as directed, and adopt a more healthy way of living. You can live a happy and productive life while having Graves disease if you receive the appropriate treatment and support.


Have questions? Schedule a free info call today with one of our care coordinators.